Franklin County’s history on July 27th
Take a look back at Franklin County’s history through news and photos that appeared in local newspapers 25, 50, and 100 years ago on July 27th.
25 Years Ago
July 27, 1995–Thursday
Chambersburg – “Korean War Vets Honored 42 Years Later”
(This article appeared in the “Public Opinion” on this date)
It has been called the forgotten war, but its veterans are no longer silent or invisible. The 1.5 million Americans who fought in the Korean War are being honored with their own national memorial, 42 years after the armistice was signed at Panmunjom.
The Korean War Veterans Memorial was being dedicated today by President Clinton and South Korean President Kim Young-sam. Joining them were ambassadors from all 21 nations that supported the United Nations resolution opposing North Korea’s invasion of South Korea in 1950.
The long-awaited dedication events this week include a military parade, a troop muster of Korean War veterans and a wreath-laying at the Tomb of the Unknowns at Arlington National Cemetery.
Grady M. Vickery, a retired Army captain living in Mobile, Ala., said he is not bitter that it took so long for America to recognize its Korean veterans. “I’m just proud we finally got it,” said Vickery, who served in the infantry in the war’s earliest days.
Nick Pappas, an Army combat engineer in Korea, said many who fought there had been youngsters during World War II and were raised to do the patriotic thing.
“Most of us are the last of the Depression kids,” said Pappas, who is president of the Korean War Veterans Association. “We grew up, we were taught to honor our country. We served and when it was over, we just kept on going.”
Congress authorized the memorial in 1986, and President Reagan signed the measure into law. But it took organizers six years to win approval from Washington’s fine arts and planning commissions for their controversial, multi-statue design. The monument’s cost, set originally at $5 million, swelled to $18 million.
The concept, by a team of architects from Pennsylvania State University, was selected in a 1989 competition. A year later, the four-member team filed a federal lawsuit to stop the memorial, arguing that their original plan was destroyed by the review agencies and Cooper-Lecky Architects, the firm chosen to plan the memorial. Cooper-Lecky also led the development team for the Vietnam Veterans Memorial.
The lawsuit was ultimately dismissed. In the interim, the Commission on Fine Arts approved the plan, then later rejected it-as having too many elements. The initial concept involved 38 soldiers, symbolizing the North Korean Army’s crossing of the 38th parallel into South Korea, inciting the war. The design was scaled back to 19 soldiers.
On June 14, 1992, President Bush broke ground for the memorial on a 2.2-acre plot of former marshland at the foot of the Lincoln Memorial.
The Korean War Veterans Memorial features a column of battle-clad, 7-foot-tall troops slogging across a V-shaped field toward a distant American flag. Fatigue and pain show in the soldiers’ finely detailed faces; the outlines of full battle packs are visible beneath their ponchos. Cast of stainless steel with a gray patina, they look like huge lead soldiers frozen in time.
To the soldiers’ right is a black granite wall, reminiscent of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, across the reflecting pool to the north. But rather than names of the war dead, the wall at the Korean memorial is a mural sandblasted into the rock. Based on real photographs of those who served, the mural is a montage of the support troops drivers and medics, nurses and chaplains and the equipment they used.
“Every time I bring a Korean veteran down there, he sees himself in the wall,” said Ray Donnelly, a volunteer worker with the Korean War Veterans Memorial Dedication Foundation who was an infantryman in Korea.
Ray Davis, a retired Marine general who is chairman of the foundation, said he thinks this will be “a positive, uplifting, permanent kind of memorial.”
“It will not age in that visitors see there, in almost perfect form, those that served the cause of freedom,” said Davis, who won the Medal of Honor for his service in Korea. “That will always be a noble cause.”
Korea was a bloody ground war that presaged such future conflicts as Vietnam and Bosnia.It marked the first time an international force was gathered to fight beneath the U.N. flag.
And it was this nation’s first military action to thwart the spread of communism. In 37 months, 54,248 Americans died in Korea 33,629 of them in combat, the rest in accidents or from sickness.
A total of 8,168 Americans remain missing in action; 389 prisoners of war have never been accounted for. And more than 470,000 U.N. troops remain missing. All are presumed dead.
Statues at the Memorial appear to march in front of the memorial
50 Years Ago
July 27, 1970–Monday
“Winners in Baton Twirling at S’burg Community Fair”
100 Years Ago
July 27, 1920–Tuesday
“10 PIECES OF PORCH FURNITURE FOR CAMP WHOLEO — Will Go There Tomorrow; More Money Is Needed”
The girls at Camp Wohelo, who are there for the present week, as well as the others who will follow them this summer to the supervised mountain camp on Tuscarora Heights, tomorrow, when they, go onto the 50×7 foot porch will not find It like Mother Hubbard’s cupboard. It will not be bare, but will have some adequate porch furniture, two swings, four porch settees and four rocking chairs.
Although the fund is not yet large enough to pay for all this furniture, Public Opinion believes that enough “bits” will come to it today and tomorrow to make up the required amount, so the order was placed yesterday. F. Hayes Harmon, who sold part of the goods, has kindly consented to take all the articles to Camp Wohelo tomorrow, and will hang the swings.
The equipment will be turned over to Camp Wohelowith the understanding that if for some unforeseen reason the camp organization should go out of existence next year the -porch goods-will be turned over to the local Children’s Home.
As stated, enough money has not yet been received to pay the entire bill, but it is hoped the remainder will appear today. Any surplus will be turned over to the camp treasury. Please contribute today!