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Navigating Skill Games and Regulation in Pennsylvania’s Evolving Gaming Landscape

In the intricate landscape where skill meets chance, Pennsylvania legislators are gearing up to provide clearer guidance to businesses treading in the ambiguous realm between games of skill and games of chance. The recent Democratic Policy Committee meeting in Radnor served as a forum to delve into the growing prevalence of skill-based games across the state.

Distinguishing themselves from traditional slot machines, skill-based games bring forth a new dimension to the gaming conversation. While slot machines predominantly hinge on luck and chance, skill games introduce an element of the player’s prowess, offering them the opportunity to earn money based on their mastery of the game. This unique distinction has given rise to a variety of locations featuring these skill games, a departure from the established and closely monitored licensed gambling establishments.

Jeff Morris, representing PENN Entertainment, which operates multiple Hollywood Casino locations in Pennsylvania, expressed concerns about the proliferation of these machines. Morris highlighted the lack of consumer protection mechanisms, particularly concerning issues such as compulsive gambling and underage participation. Moreover, he pointed out the potential for criminal activity that might be attracted to communities hosting these machines.

Conversely, voices from the coin-operated amusement industry emphasized the potential benefits of skill games with proper legislation. Del Guerrini, President of The Pennsylvania Amusement and Music Machine Association, advocated for pending legislation that would impose a 16% tax on skill-based machines, mirroring the tax rate on casino games. This tax, projected to generate $300 million for the state within the first year, could be a significant boost to Pennsylvania’s revenue stream.

Guerrini acknowledged the stringent regulations proposed in the legislation, which entail measures such as testing, registration, enforcement, and accountability. These regulations aim to strike a balance between fostering a lucrative opportunity for the state and preventing the emergence of mini casino-like environments by controlling the number of games allowed in various locations.

Kevin O’Toole, Executive Director of the PA Gaming Control Board, emphasized that businesses currently operating skill-based machines are not in violation of any laws or tax evasion practices. However, he noted the implications of unregulated activity, both in terms of consumer protection and the potential revenue stream for the state. O’Toole proposed that if these skill games were to be legalized and regulated, the PA Gaming Control Board would be best equipped to oversee and regulate their operation, leveraging their experience in handling slot machine activity.

Pennsylvania’s contemplation of regulating skill-based games isn’t without precedent. Other states, such as Virginia and Kentucky, have already taken steps to ban such gaming activities. These measures have garnered support from concerned citizens as well as the gaming industry. However, legal battles have emerged from businesses disputing the legality of these bans, asserting concerns about monopolization of the gambling landscape.

As Pennsylvania grapples with the intricate dynamics of skill games, the quest for a balanced approach continues. Striking the right chord between regulation, revenue generation, consumer protection, and the prevention of unlawful activities will be pivotal in shaping the state’s gaming landscape for the future.


Earl L. Crawford, Jr. 1937-2024

Earl worked for Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company for 30 years before going into business for himself at Crawford Tire from 1981 until 2019.

Dennis W. Flythe 1953-2024

Denny attended Greencastle Antrim High School and graduated from Delaware State University. He focused on providing for his family and creating a legacy.

Arnold W. Wagaman 1939-2024

Arnie was employed at Mack Truck as a quality control specialist until his retirement; a total of 39 years. In his free time, he enjoyed fishing and gardening.

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