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States’ Attorneys General Unite in Filing Brief Over Title IX Interpretation


Attorneys General from 19 states and the District of Columbia have jointly submitted an amicus brief to the U.S. Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals in the class-action case titled Hunter v U.S. Department of Education. Led by Oregon Attorney General Ellen Rosenblum, the coalition bases its filing on their interpretation of Title IX, a law preventing sex discrimination in federally funded schools.

The central argument of the brief is that a 2020 rule change altering how the government interprets Title IX is invalid. The Attorneys General are supporting students who are opposing the implementation of a religious exemption for specific sections of the law.

The initial enactment of Title IX included a narrow exemption for schools controlled by religious institutions with conflicting tenets. However, during the Trump administration, the Department of Education expanded this exemption through administrative rulemaking.

The Attorneys General assert that students should know if their school claims a religious exemption before potential incidents occur. The brief highlights that students shouldn’t have to wait until they experience discrimination to learn about their school’s stance.

The Attorneys General’s amicus brief represents a range of states, including California, Colorado, Connecticut, the District of Columbia, Delaware, Hawaii, Illinois, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, New Jersey, Nevada, New York, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, and Washington.


Earl L. Crawford, Jr. 1937-2024

Earl worked for Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company for 30 years before going into business for himself at Crawford Tire from 1981 until 2019.

Dennis W. Flythe 1953-2024

Denny attended Greencastle Antrim High School and graduated from Delaware State University. He focused on providing for his family and creating a legacy.

Arnold W. Wagaman 1939-2024

Arnie was employed at Mack Truck as a quality control specialist until his retirement; a total of 39 years. In his free time, he enjoyed fishing and gardening.

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